NASA Full Form stands for National Aeronautics and Space Administration. It is situated in USA that works for the civilian space program as well as for aeronautics, scientific discovery, Earth and aerospace research.
This agency was founded by the National Aeronautics and Space Act on 1 October 1958 by president Dwight D. Eisenhower. Basically it deals with the development of peaceful applications in space science. It is also in-charge of the U.S. science and technology that operates and functions for exploration of space and airplanes. NASA is led by an Administrator and it has a vision to discover and expand knowledge for the benefit of humanity.
NASA is headquartered in Washington has almost 10 NASA centers across the United States. For testing and studying Earth and space they have dedicated 7 NASA workplaces.
NASA’s Work Can Be Divided Into Four Different Types:
Here development of advanced aviation technologies takes place.
Human Exploration and Operations
It manages manned space missions, international space station. Also, deals with the operations based on launching services, space transportation, and space communications for both manned and robotic programs.
Here, programs are designed for understanding the origin, structure, evolution, and future of the Earth, the solar system, and the universe.
In this segment development of space science and exploration technologies takes place.
Space Flight Programs:
NASA has tried hands for both manned and unmanned space flight programs and some of its famous space flight programs are mentioned below:
Manned Space Programs
- X-15 Rocket Plane: (1959-1968)
- Project Mercury: (1959-1963)
- Project Gemini: (1961-1966)
- Project Apollo: (1961-1972): Apollo was one of the most expensive NASA scientific programs ever. Apollo 11 mission in July 1969 was the first Moon landing manned spacecraft and the first person on Moon was Neil Armstrong.
- Skylab: (1965-1979)
- Space Shuttle Program: (1972-2011) etc.
Unmanned Space Programs
- Explorer 1: The first US unmanned satellite.
- Viking 1: The first successful landing on Mars in 1976.
- Pioneer 10: First spacecraft to visit Jupiter
- Pioneer 11: First spacecraft to visit Saturn
- Voyager 2: the first spacecraft to visit Uranus and Neptune etc.
NASA Grant Program Highlights:
The National Space Grant College and Fellowship Program were introduced in 1989 and is popularly known as a Space Grant. A network of colleges and universities that work for creation and expansion of opportunities for Americans. It will ultimately help them to understand and participate in space and aeronautics projects of NASA. By this they will support and improving science and engineering education, research, and public outreach efforts.
NASA Research Opportunities
In the aim to support research in the field of science and technology that solicits the research by releasing research announcements in various science and technology disciplines. Once, it is done the evaluation process will take place and after that the research proposals will be selected which were received in response to these research announcements.
Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Programs:
Some of the NASA’s programs are present there that give funding to the research, development, and demonstration of innovative technologies. It holds huge potential for successful commercialization.
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International Space Station Funding Opportunities:
NASA Research Announcements (NRAs) is a funding source that helps in procuring through research opportunities. And, also through other government agencies as well as with entities in the private and non-profit sectors.
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