Since the abolition of Article 370, on the Line of Control (LOC) and the International Border (IB) there has been constant heavy firing from Pakistan. Prior to this, at Line of Actual Control (LAC) Indian and Chinese soldiers were fighting.
India being the neighbours of China and Pakistan has many border-related disputes and some time these border issues led to the escalation of war like situation among these countries. So, as a citizen of India, we should know the borders of our country and the cause of disputes with neighbouring countries.
It is important to understand the difference between LOC and LAC. Before coming to the actual topic we should know the full form and meaning of LOC and LAC.
What is LOC?
LOC stands for Line of Control that refers to a live line with a lot of activities like firing and face to face interaction. It is clearly demarcated by the militaries for the safety at the borders and its citizen.
This LOC denotes a kind of boundary separating parts of Indian UT i.e. Jammu & Kashmir; controlled by India and illegally occupied by Pakistan. The LOC extension is almost around 776-kilometers.
Indian part (southern and eastern parts of the region) of LOC is known as Jammu and Kashmir which constitutes about 45 percent of Kashmir.
What is LAC?
LAC is an abbreviation for Line of Actual Control. It is a the actual boundary between China and India. In a bilateral agreement in the year 1993, the concept of “Line of Actual Control” (LAC) came from there. Although there was no concrete settlement on ground positions between these two countries.
LAC is a point where Indian-controlled territory from Chinese-controlled territory gets separated. It is a big empty region and nearly 50 to 100 kms distance is maintained by the armies of India and China. Both India and China considers the length of LAC to be different as China ensures it to be around 2,000 km while India considers the LAC to be 3,488 km long.
This LAC is divided into three regions: the western sector in Ladakh, the middle sector in Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh, and the eastern sector which spans Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim.